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GETPID(2)                  Linux Programmer's Manual                 GETPID(2)

       getpid, getppid - get process identification

       #include <sys/types.h>
       #include <unistd.h>

       pid_t getpid(void);
       pid_t getppid(void);

       getpid() returns the process ID of the calling process.  (This is often
       used by routines that generate unique temporary filenames.)

       getppid() returns the process ID of the parent of the calling  process.

       These functions are always successful.

       POSIX.1-2001, 4.3BSD, SVr4.

       Since  glibc  version  2.3.4,  the  glibc wrapper function for getpid()
       caches PIDs, so as to avoid additional  system  calls  when  a  process
       calls getpid() repeatedly.  Normally this caching is invisible, but its
       correct operation relies  on  support  in  the  wrapper  functions  for
       fork(2),  vfork(2),  and clone(2): if an application bypasses the glibc
       wrappers for these system calls by using syscall(2),  then  a  call  to
       getpid()  in  the  child will return the wrong value (to be precise: it
       will return the PID of the parent process).  See also clone(2) for dis-
       cussion  of  a case where getpid() may return the wrong value even when
       invoking clone(2) via the glibc wrapper function.

       clone(2),  fork(2),  kill(2),  exec(3),  mkstemp(3),  tempnam(3),  tmp-
       file(3), tmpnam(3), credentials(7)

       This  page  is  part of release 3.25 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, and information about reporting  bugs,  can
       be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Linux                             2008-09-23                         GETPID(2)

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Gedruckt am: 13.12.2017 12:05 GMT+0100 (2017-12-13T12:05:25+01:00)