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FOOMATIC-RIP(1)                                                FOOMATIC-RIP(1)

NAME
       foomatic-rip - Universal print filter/RIP wrapper

SYNOPSIS
   General Options:
       foomatic-rip [-v] [-q] <spooler-specific options>

   Spooler-less printing/CPS (older versions) filter:
       foomatic-rip [-P <printer>  |  --ppd  <ppdfile> ]  [-J <jobtitle> ] [-o
        <option>=<value>  [...]]  [<files>]

   CUPS filter:
       foomatic-rip <jobid> <user> <jobtitle> <numcopies> <options> [<file>]

   LPRng filter:
       foomatic-rip --lprng [-J<jobti-
       tle>][-Z<option>=<value>[,<option>=<value>[, ...]] <ppdfile>

       foomatic-rip  [-J<jobti-
       tle>][-Z<option>=<value>[,<option>=<value>[, ...]]
       (printcap :pdd=<ppdfile>)

       foomatic-rip --ppd <ppdfile>[-J<jobti-
       tle>] [-Z<option>=<value>[,<option>=<value>[, ...]]

   LPD/GNUlpr filter:
       foomatic-rip [-w <number>] [-l <number>] [-x <number>] [-y <num-
       ber>] [-i <number>] [-c] [-n <string>] [-h <string>] [-j|-J <jobti-
       tle>|<options>] <ppdfile>

   PPR RIP:
       foomatic-rip [<option>=<value> [...]]

   PPR interface:
       foomatic-rip <queue> <destaddress> <options> <jobbreak> <feed-
       back> <codes> <jobname> <routing> <for> <filetype> [<file>]

   PDQ driver file generation:
       foomatic-rip [--ppd <ppdfile>] [-o <option>=<value> [...]] --gen-
       pdq|--appendpdq|--genrawpdq|--appendrawpdq

   PDQ filter:
       foomatic-rip --pdq --ppd <ppdfile>] [-o <option>=<value> [...]] <file>

   CPS (newer versions) filter:
       foomatic-rip --cps -P <printer> [-J <jobti-
       tle>] [-o <option>=<value> [...]] [<files>]

DESCRIPTION
       foomatic-rip is a universal print filter which works with  every  known
       free software printer spooler. It has the following features:

       It  translates  PostScript  and  PDF (and also other file formats) from
       standard input to the printer's native language (usually put  to  stan-
       dard output).

       The  translation is done with an external renderer, usually Ghostscript
       (gs(1)). If no translation is  needed  (PostScript  printer)  the  ren-
       derer's command line reduces to cat(1). The way how this translation is
       done is described in a PPD file.

       Printer capabilities, how to handle user options, and how to build  the
       renderer command line is always described by PPD files, these PPD files
       usually come from Foomatic or can be the ones supplied by the  manufac-
       turers  of  PostScript  printers.  The  PPD  files are the same for all
       spoolers.

       foomatic-rip works with every known spooler (CUPS, LPRng, LPD,  GNUlpr,
       PPR,  PDQ,  CPS, and without spooler). It auto-detects the spooler from
       which it was called by the command line options and  environment  vari-
       ables which were supplied by the spooler.

       Non-PostScript/PDF  files  are translated to PostScript before they are
       passed to the renderer. This is usually done by  a2ps(1),  enscript(1),
       or  mpage(1). foomatic-rip auto-detects which program is installed, but
       manual configuration is also possible.

       foomatic-rip does not only apply option settings supplied by  the  user
       through the command line of the printing command, but also searches the
       entire job for embedded option settings (only  PostScript  jobs).  Here
       not  only  settings affectimg the whole job are taken into account, but
       also settings in the page headers, which are only valid  for  the  page
       where  they  were  found, so applications which produce PostScript code
       with page-specific printer option settings are fully supported.

SPOOLER-LESS PRINTING
   Options
       -v        verbose mode for debugging.  WARNING: This will create a file
                 in  /tmp that contains the debugging information.  This opens
                 a security loophole and should not be used in production.

       -q        quiet mode - minimal information output

       -P <printer>
                 <printer> is the configured printer which should be used  for
                 this job.

       --ppd <ppdfile>
                 The  PPD file <ppdfile> should be applied for processing this
                 job.

       -J <jobtitle>
                 The <jobtitle> will be printed in the head line of every page
                 of a plain text job.

       -o <option>=<value>
                 Option settings for this job, do

                 foomatic-rip -P <printer> -o docs <file>

                 (<file>  can  be an arbitrary existing file, as .bashrc, will
                 not be printed) to print a list of available options for  the
                 specified <printer>.

       <files>   The file(s) to be printed.

       foomatic-rip will print from standard input unless at least one file to
       be printed is specified on the command line.  If your printer PPD  file
       is         stored         as        /etc/direct/<printer>.ppd        or
       ~/.foomatic/direct/<printer>.ppd you can use it  by  simply  specifying
       "-P <printer>".

       Put a line

       *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| <command>"

       into  the PPD file, right after *PPD-Adobe: "4.3", where <command> is a
       command into which you wnat to re-direct the output data.  Due  to  the
       restrictions of PPD files <, >, and " are not allowed in the <command>,
       replace them as follows:

       Character Replacement
       ---------------------
            <    &lt;
            >    &gt;
            "    &quot;
            '    &apos;
            &    &amp;

       This way you can print directly to your printer, use

       *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| cat &gt; /dev/lp0"

       or

       *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| cat &gt; /dev/usb/lp0"

       for local parallel or USB printers. To make normal users able to  print
       this  way  add  them to the group lp and make sure that the appropriate
       printer device file /dev/... is group-writable for the lp group.

       for a TCP/Socket/JetDirect printer with the host name printer listening
       on port 9100 you need this:

       *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| /usr/bin/nc -w 1 printer 9100"

       Note  the  "-w  1"  in  the  "nc"  command  line, it makes "nc" exiting
       immediately after the data is transferred to the printer.

       *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| rlpr -Plp@printserver"

       directs your jobs to the LPD printer queue  lp  on  the  machine  named
       printserver.

       See also http://www.openprinting.org/direct-doc.html

PRINTING WITH SPOOLER
       See    the    documentation    on    the    OpenPrinting    Web   site:
       http://www.openprinting.org/

CONFIGURATION FILE
       The file /etc/foomatic/filter.conf is  read  whenever  foomatic-rip  is
       executed.  It  allows  to  configure  the  behavior  of foomatic-rip as
       follows  (lines  beginning  with  #  are  comments  and  therefore  get
       ignored):

       textfilter: <command>
                 Selects  the  filter for input files which are not PostScript
                 or PDF.  <command>  is  one  of  a2ps,  enscript,  or  mpage.
                 foomatic-rip  auitomatically  selects the needed command line
                 options.

       debug: 0|1
                 Turns on (1) or off (0) the debug mode. This is equivalent to
                 supplying the --debug command line option. Default setting is
                 0.

       ps_accounting: 0|1
                 Turns on (1) or off (0) inserting PostScript  code  for  page
                 accounting into PostScript jobs. The inserted PostScript code
                 makes Ghostscript generating accounting output on stderr  and
                 CUPS  can  this way log each page which got printed. The code
                 will only be inserted if CUPS is the spooler. Default setting
                 is 1.

       echo: [<path>/]<executable>
                 Sets the path to an echo(1) executable which supports -n.

       gspath: [<path>/]<executable>
                 Sets  the  path  to the Ghostscript (gs(1)) executable. To be
                 used if Ghostscript is at a non-standard location  or  if  an
                 alternative Ghostscript should be used.

       execpath: <path>[:<path>]...
                 Sets the $PATH variable to be used by foomatic-rip.

       cupsfilterpath: <path>[:<path>]...
                 Sets  the directories (colon-separated) in which foomatic-rip
                 searches for CUPS filters.

       preferred_shell: [<path>/]<executable>
                 Sets   the   preferred   shell   to   use   when    executing
                 FoomaticRIPCommandLine  and  friends.  Several  PPD files use
                 shell constructs that require a more modern shell like  bash,
                 zsh, or ksh.

FILES
       /etc/cups/ppd/<printer>.ppd
       /etc/lpd/<printer>.ppd
       /etc/ppr/<printer>.ppd
       /etc/pdq/<printer>.ppd
       /etc/direct/<printer>.ppd

               The PPD files of the currently defined printers

       /etc/foomatic/filter.conf

               Configuration file for foomatic-rip

EXIT STATUS
       foomatic-rip returns 0 unless something unexpected happens.

AUTHOR
       Till   Kamppeter   <till.kamppeter@gmail.com>  with  parts  of  Manfred
       Wassmanns's <manolo@NCC-1701.B.Shuttle.de> man pages for  the  Foomatic
       2.0.x filters.

BUGS
       None so far.

       Please send bug reports to the Foomatic mailing list:

       http://lists.freestandards.org/mailman/listinfo/printing-foomatic

Foomatic Project                  2002-11-26                   FOOMATIC-RIP(1)
 

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Gedruckt am: 13.12.2017 12:00 GMT+0100 (2017-12-13T12:00:46+01:00)