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dos2unix(1)                       2010-04-03                       dos2unix(1)

NAME
       dos2unix - DOS/MAC to UNIX and vice versa text file format converter

SYNOPSIS
           dos2unix [options] [-c CONVMODE] [-o FILE ...] [-n INFILE OUTFILE ...]
           unix2dos [options] [-c CONVMODE] [-o FILE ...] [-n INFILE OUTFILE ...]

DESCRIPTION
       The Dos2unix package includes utilities "dos2unix" and "unix2dos" to
       convert plain text files in DOS or MAC format to UNIX format and vice
       versa.  Binary files and non-regular files, such as soft links, are
       automatically skipped, unless conversion is forced.

       Dos2unix has a few conversion modes similar to dos2unix under
       SunOS/Solaris.

       In DOS/Windows text files line endings exist out of a combination of
       two characters: a Carriage Return (CR) followed by a Line Feed (LF).
       In Unix text files line endings exists out of a single Newline
       character which is equal to a DOS Line Feed (LF) character.  In Mac
       text files, prior to Mac OS X, line endings exist out of a single
       Carriage Return character. Mac OS X is Unix based and has the same line
       endings as Unix.

OPTIONS
       -c, --convmode CONVMODE
           Set conversion mode. Where CONVMODE is one of: ascii, 7bit, iso,
           mac with ascii being the default.

       -f, --force
           Force conversion of all files. Also binary files.

       -h, --help
           Display online help.

       -k, --keepdate
           Keep the date stamp of output file same as input file.

       -L, --license
           Display software license.

       -l, --newline
           Add additional newline.

           dos2unix: Only DOS line endings are changed to two Unix line
           endings.  In Mac mode only Mac line endings are changed to two Unix
           line endings.

           unix2dos: Only Unix line endings are changed to two DOS line
           endings.  In Mac mode Unix line endings are changed to two Mac line
           endings.

       -n, --newfile INFILE OUTFILE ...
           New file mode. Convert the infile and write output to outfile. File
           names must be given in pairs and wildcard names should NOT be used
           or you WILL lose your files.

       -o, --oldfile FILE ...
           Old file mode. Convert the file and write output to it. The program
           default to run in this mode. Wildcard names may be used.

       -q, --quiet
           Quiet mode. Suppress all warning and messages.

       -V, --version
           Display version information.

CONVERSION MODES
       Conversion modes ascii, 7bit, and iso are similar to those of
       dos2unix/unix2dos under SunOS/Solaris.

       ascii
           dos2unix: In this mode DOS line endings are converted to Unix line
           endings.  Unix and Mac line endings are not changed.

           unix2dos: In this mode Unix line endings are converted to DOS line
           endings.  DOS and Mac line endings are not changed.

           Although the name of this mode is ASCII, which is a 7 bit standard,
           the actual mode is 8 bit.

       mac dos2unix: In this mode Mac line endings are converted to Unix line
           endings.  DOS and Unix line endigs are not changed. You can also
           use the command "mac2unix" to run dos2unix in Mac mode.

           unix2dos: In this mode Unix line endings are converted to Mac line
           endings.  DOS and Mac line endigs are not changed. You can also use
           the command "unix2mac" to run unix2dos in Mac mode.

       7bit
           In this mode DOS line endings are converted to Unix line endings or
           vice versa.  All 8 bit non-ASCII characters (with values from 128
           to 255) are converted to a space.

       iso In this mode DOS line endings are converted to Unix line endings or
           vice versa.  Characters are converted between the DOS character set
           (code page) CP437 and ISO character set ISO-8859-1 on Unix. CP437
           characters without ISO-8859-1 equivalent, for which conversion is
           not possible, are converted to a dot. The same counts for
           ISO-8859-1 characters without CP437 counterpart. CP437 is mainly
           used in the USA. In Western Europe CP850 is more standard.

           Another option to convert text files between different encodings is
           to use dos2unix in combination with iconv(1). Iconv can convert
           between a long list of character encodings. Some examples:

           Convert from DOS DOSLatinUS to Unix Latin-1

               iconv -f CP437 -t ISO-8859-1 in.txt | dos2unix > out.txt

           Convert from DOS DOSLatin1 to Unix Latin-1

               iconv -f CP850 -t ISO-8859-1 in.txt | dos2unix > out.txt

           Convert from Windows WinLatin1 to Unix Latin-1

               iconv -f CP1252 -t ISO-8859-1 in.txt | dos2unix > out.txt

           Convert from Windows WinLatin1 to Unix UTF-8 (Unicode)

               iconv -f CP1252 -t UTF-8 in.txt | dos2unix > out.txt

           Convert from Windows UTF-16 (Unicode) to Unix UTF-8 (Unicode)

               iconv -f UTF-16 -t UTF-8 in.txt | dos2unix > out.txt

           Convert from Unix Latin-1 to DOS DOSLatinUS

               unix2dos < in.txt | iconv -f ISO-8859-1 -t CP437 > out.txt

           Convert from Unix Latin-1 to DOS DOSLatin1

               unix2dos < in.txt | iconv -f ISO-8859-1 -t CP850 > out.txt

           Convert from Unix Latin-1 to Windows WinLatin1

               unix2dos < in.txt | iconv -f ISO-8859-1 -t CP1252 > out.txt

           Convert from Unix UTF-8 (Unicode) to Windows WinLatin1

               unix2dos < in.txt | iconv -f UTF-8 -t CP1252 in.txt > out.txt

           Convert from Unix UTF-8 (Unicode) to Windows UTF-16 (Unicode)

               unix2dos < in.txt | iconv -f UTF-8 -t UTF-16 > out.txt

           See also <http://czyborra.com/charsets/codepages.html> and
           <http://czyborra.com/charsets/iso8859.html>.

UNICODE
       Unicode files can be encoded in different encodings. On Unix/Linux
       Unicode files are mostly encoded in UTF-8 encoding. UTF-8 is ASCII
       compatible. UTF-8 files can be in DOS, Unix or Mac format. It is safe
       to run dos2unix/unix2dos on UTF-8 encoded files. On Windows mostly
       UTF-16 encoding is used for Unicode files. Dos2unix/unix2dos should not
       be run on UTF-16 files. UTF-16 files are automatically skipped, because
       it are binary files.

EXAMPLES
       Get input from stdin and write output to stdout.

           dos2unix
           dos2unix -l -c mac

       Convert and replace a.txt. Convert and replace b.txt.

           dos2unix a.txt b.txt
           dos2unix -o a.txt b.txt

       Convert and replace a.txt in ascii conversion mode.

           dos2unix a.txt

       Convert and replace a.txt in ascii conversion mode.  Convert and
       replace b.txt in 7bit conversion mode.

           dos2unix a.txt -c 7bit b.txt
           dos2unix -c ascii a.txt -c 7bit b.txt

       Convert a.txt from Mac to Unix format.

           dos2unix -c mac a.txt
           mac2unix a.txt

       Convert a.txt from Unix to Mac format.

           unix2dos -c mac a.txt
           unix2mac a.txt

       Convert and replace a.txt while keeping original date stamp.

           dos2unix -k a.txt
           dos2unix -k -o a.txt

       Convert a.txt and write to e.txt.

           dos2unix -n a.txt e.txt

       Convert a.txt and write to e.txt, keep date stamp of e.txt same as
       a.txt.

           dos2unix -k -n a.txt e.txt

       Convert and replace a.txt. Convert b.txt and write to e.txt.

           dos2unix a.txt -n b.txt e.txt
           dos2unix -o a.txt -n b.txt e.txt

       Convert c.txt and write to e.txt. Convert and replace a.txt.  Convert
       and replace b.txt. Convert d.txt and write to f.txt.

           dos2unix -n c.txt e.txt -o a.txt b.txt -n d.txt f.txt

LOCALIZATION
       LANG
           The primary language is selected with the environment variable
           LANG. The LANG variable consists out of several parts.  The first
           part is in small letters the language code. The second is optional
           and is the country code in capital letters, preceded with an
           underscore. There is also an optional third part: character
           encoding, preceded with a dot. A few examples for POSIX standard
           type shells:

               export LANG=nl               Dutch
               export LANG=nl_NL            Dutch, The Netherlands
               export LANG=nl_BE            Dutch, Belgium
               export LANG=es_ES            Spanish, Spain
               export LANG=es_MX            Spanish, Mexico
               export LANG=en_US.iso88591   English, USA, Latin-1 encoding
               export LANG=en_GB.UTF-8      English, UK, UTF-8 encoding

           For a complete list of language and country codes see the gettext
           manual:
           <http://www.gnu.org/software/gettext/manual/gettext.html#Language-Codes>

           On Unix systems you can use to command locale(1) to get locale
           specific information.

       LANGUAGE
           With the LANGUAGE environment variable you can specify a priority
           list of languages, separated by colons. Dos2unix gives preference
           to LANGUAGE over LANG.  For instance, first Dutch and then German:
           "LANGUAGE=nl:de". You have to first enable localization, by setting
           LANG (or LC_ALL) to a value other than "C", before you can use a
           language priority list through the LANGUAGE variable. See also the
           gettext manual:
           <http://www.gnu.org/software/gettext/manual/gettext.html#The-LANGUAGE-variable>

           For Esperanto there is a special language file in x-method format.
           X-method can be used on systems that don't support Latin-3 or
           Unicode character encoding.  Make LANGUAGE equal to "eo-x:eo".

           If you select a language which is not available you will get the
           standard English messages.

       DOS2UNIX_LOCALEDIR
           With the environment variable DOS2UNIX_LOCALEDIR the LOCALEDIR set
           during compilation can be overruled. LOCALEDIR is used to find the
           language files. The GNU default value is "/usr/local/share/locale".
           Option "-V" will display the LOCALEDIR that is used.

           Example (windows cmd):

               set DOS2UNIX_LOCALEDIR=c:/my_prefix/share/locale

AUTHORS
       Benjamin Lin - <blin@socs.uts.edu.au>

       Bernd Johannes Wuebben (mac2unix mode) - <wuebben@kde.org>

       Erwin Waterlander - <waterlan@xs4all.nl>

       Project page: <http://www.xs4all.nl/~waterlan/dos2unix.html>

       SourceForge page: <http://sourceforge.net/projects/dos2unix/>

       Freshmeat: <http://freshmeat.net/projects/dos2unix>

SEE ALSO
       iconv(1)

dos2unix                          2010-03-23                       dos2unix(1)
 

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Gedruckt am: 15.12.2017 18:43 GMT+0100 (2017-12-15T18:43:58+01:00)