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DIR_COLORS(5)                  Linux User Manual                 DIR_COLORS(5)

NAME
       dir_colors - configuration file for dircolors(1)

DESCRIPTION
       The  program ls(1) uses the environment variable LS_COLORS to determine
       the colors in which the filenames are to be displayed.   This  environ-
       ment variable is usually set by a command like

              eval `dircolors some_path/dir_colors`

       found  in a system default shell initialization file, like /etc/profile
       or /etc/csh.cshrc.  (See also dircolors(1).)  Usually,  the  file  used
       here  is /etc/DIR_COLORS and can be overridden by a .dir_colors file in
       one's home directory.

       This configuration file consists of several statements, one  per  line.
       Anything  right of a hash mark (#) is treated as a comment, if the hash
       mark is at the beginning of a line or  is  preceded  by  at  least  one
       whitespace.  Blank lines are ignored.

       The  global  section  of  the file consists of any statement before the
       first TERM statement.  Any statement in the global section of the  file
       is  considered valid for all terminal types.  Following the global sec-
       tion is one or more terminal-specific sections, preceded by one or more
       TERM  statements which specify the terminal types (as given by the TERM
       environment variable) the  following  declarations  apply  to.   It  is
       always possible to override a global declaration by a subsequent termi-
       nal-specific one.

       The following statements are recognized; case is insignificant:

       TERM terminal-type
              Starts a terminal-specific section and specifies which  terminal
              it applies to.  Multiple TERM statements can be used to create a
              section which applies for several terminal types.

       COLOR yes|all|no|none|tty
              (Slackware only; ignored by GNU dircolors(1).)   Specifies  that
              colorization  should  always  be  enabled  (yes  or  all), never
              enabled (no or none), or enabled only if the output is a  termi-
              nal (tty).  The default is no.

       EIGHTBIT yes|no
              (Slackware  only;  ignored by GNU dircolors(1).)  Specifies that
              eight-bit ISO 8859 characters should be enabled by default.  For
              compatibility  reasons,  this can also be specified as 1 for yes
              or 0 for no.  The default is no.

       OPTIONS options
              (Slackware only; ignored by GNU  dircolors(1).)   Adds  command-
              line options to the default ls command line.  The options can be
              any valid ls command-line options, and should include the  lead-
              ing  minus sign.  Note that dircolors does not verify the valid-
              ity of these options.

       NORMAL color-sequence
              Specifies the color used for normal (nonfilename) text.

       FILE color-sequence
              Specifies the color used for a regular file.

       DIR color-sequence
              Specifies the color used for directories.

       LINK color-sequence
              Specifies the color used for a symbolic link.

       ORPHAN color-sequence
              Specifies the color used for  an  orphaned  symbolic  link  (one
              which points to a nonexistent file).  If this is unspecified, ls
              will use the LINK color instead.

       MISSING color-sequence
              Specifies the color used for a missing file (a nonexistent  file
              which nevertheless has a symbolic link pointing to it).  If this
              is unspecified, ls will use the FILE color instead.

       FIFO color-sequence
              Specifies the color used for a FIFO (named pipe).

       SOCK color-sequence
              Specifies the color used for a socket.

       DOOR color-sequence
              (Supported since fileutils 4.1) Specifies the color used  for  a
              door (Solaris 2.5 and later).

       BLK color-sequence
              Specifies the color used for a block device special file.

       CHR color-sequence
              Specifies the color used for a character device special file.

       EXEC color-sequence
              Specifies  the  color  used  for  a  file  with  the  executable
              attribute set.

       LEFTCODE color-sequence
              Specifies the left code for non-ISO 6429 terminals (see  below).

       RIGHTCODE color-sequence
              Specifies the right code for non-ISO 6429 terminals (see below).

       ENDCODE color-sequence
              Specifies the end code for non-ISO 6429 terminals (see below).

       *extension color-sequence
              Specifies the color used for any file that ends in extension.

        .extension color-sequence
              Same as *.extension.  Specifies the color used for any file that
              ends  in  .extension.   Note  that the period is included in the
              extension, which makes it impossible to specify an extension not
              starting  with a period, such as ~ for emacs backup files.  This
              form should be considered obsolete.

   ISO 6429 (ANSI) Color Sequences
       Most color-capable ASCII terminals today  use  ISO  6429  (ANSI)  color
       sequences,  and many common terminals without color capability, includ-
       ing xterm and the widely used and cloned DEC VT100, will recognize  ISO
       6429  color codes and harmlessly eliminate them from the output or emu-
       late them.  ls uses ISO 6429 codes by default, assuming colorization is
       enabled.

       ISO 6429 color sequences are composed of sequences of numbers separated
       by semicolons.  The most common codes are:

          0     to restore default color
          1     for brighter colors
          4     for underlined text
          5     for flashing text
         30     for black foreground
         31     for red foreground
         32     for green foreground
         33     for yellow (or brown) foreground
         34     for blue foreground
         35     for purple foreground
         36     for cyan foreground
         37     for white (or gray) foreground
         40     for black background
         41     for red background
         42     for green background
         43     for yellow (or brown) background
         44     for blue background
         45     for purple background
         46     for cyan background
         47     for white (or gray) background

       Not all commands will work on all systems or display devices.

       ls uses the following defaults:

         NORMAL   0       Normal (nonfilename) text
         FILE     0       Regular file
         DIR      32      Directory
         LINK     36      Symbolic link
         ORPHAN   undefined       Orphaned symbolic link
         MISSING  undefined       Missing file
         FIFO     31      Named pipe (FIFO)
         SOCK     33      Socket
         BLK      44;37   Block device
         CHR      44;37   Character device
         EXEC     35      Executable file

       A few terminal programs do not recognize the default properly.  If  all
       text gets colorized after you do a directory listing, change the NORMAL
       and FILE codes to the numerical codes for your  normal  foreground  and
       background colors.

   Other Terminal Types (Advanced Configuration)
       If  you  have  a color-capable (or otherwise highlighting) terminal (or
       printer!) which uses a different set of codes, you can still generate a
       suitable  setup.   To  do so, you will have to use the LEFTCODE, RIGHT-
       CODE, and ENDCODE definitions.

       When  writing  out  a  filename,  ls  generates  the  following  output
       sequence: LEFTCODE typecode RIGHTCODE filename ENDCODE, where the type-
       code is the color sequence that depends on the type or  name  of  file.
       If  the  ENDCODE  is  undefined, the sequence LEFTCODE NORMAL RIGHTCODE
       will be used instead.  The purpose  of  the  left-  and  rightcodes  is
       merely  to  reduce  the  amount  of  typing necessary (and to hide ugly
       escape codes away from the user).  If they are not appropriate for your
       terminal,  you  can eliminate them by specifying the respective keyword
       on a line by itself.

       NOTE: If the ENDCODE is defined in the  global  section  of  the  setup
       file,  it  cannot  be  undefined  in a terminal-specific section of the
       file.  This means any NORMAL definition will have no effect.  A differ-
       ent  ENDCODE  can,  however,  be  specified,  which would have the same
       effect.

   Escape Sequences
       To specify control- or blank characters in the color sequences or file-
       name  extensions,  either  C-style  \-escaped  notation  or  stty-style
       ^-notation can be used.  The C-style notation  includes  the  following
       characters:

         \a      Bell (ASCII 7)
         \b      Backspace (ASCII 8)
         \e      Escape (ASCII 27)
         \f      Form feed (ASCII 12)
         \n      Newline (ASCII 10)
         \r      Carriage Return (ASCII 13)
         \t      Tab (ASCII 9)
         \v      Vertical Tab (ASCII 11)
         \?      Delete (ASCII 127)
         \nnn Any character (octal notation)
         \xnnn        Any character (hexadecimal notation)
         \_      Space
         \\     Backslash (\)
         \^      Caret (^)
         \#      Hash mark (#)

       Please  note  that  escapes  are necessary to enter a space, backslash,
       caret, or any control character anywhere in the string, as  well  as  a
       hash mark as the first character.

FILES
       /etc/DIR_COLORS
              System-wide configuration file.

       ~/.dir_colors
              Per-user configuration file.

       This  page  describes  the dir_colors file format as used in the fileu-
       tils-4.1 package; other versions may differ slightly.

NOTES
       The default LEFTCODE and RIGHTCODE definitions, which are used  by  ISO
       6429 terminals are:

         LEFTCODE  \e[
         RIGHTCODE m

       The default ENDCODE is undefined.

SEE ALSO
       dircolors(1), ls(1), stty(1), xterm(1)

COLOPHON
       This  page  is  part of release 3.25 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, and information about reporting  bugs,  can
       be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

GNU                               2001-12-26                     DIR_COLORS(5)
 

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