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ICEDAX(1)                                                            ICEDAX(1)

NAME
       icedax  -  a  sampling  utility that dumps CD audio data into wav sound
       files

SYNOPSIS
       icedax [-c chans] [-s] [-m]  [-b  bits]  [-r  rate]  [-a  divider]  [-t
       track[+endtrack]]  [-i  index] [-o offset] [-d duration] [-x] [-q] [-w]
       [-v optlist] [-V] [-Q] [-J] [-L cddbmode] [-R] [-P sectors]  [-F]  [-G]
       [-T] [-e] [-p percentage] [-n sectors] [-l buffers] [-N] [-J] [-H] [-g]
       [-B] [-D device] [-A  auxdevice]  [-I  interface]  [-O  audiotype]  [-C
       input-endianess]  [-E  output-endianess]  [-M count] [-S speed] [-para-
       noia] [cddbp-server=servername] [cddbp-port=portnumber] [filename(s) or
       directories]

DESCRIPTION
       icedax  stands  for InCrEdible Digital Audio eXtractor. It can retrieve
       audio tracks (CDDA) from CDROM drives that are capable of reading audio
       data digitally to the host (see README for a list of drives).

OPTIONS
       dev=device

       -D device

       -device device
              uses  device  as  the  source  for  CDDA  reading.  For  example
              /dev/cdrom or Bus,ID,Lun.  The  device  specification  can  also
              have  influence on the selection of the driver interface (eg. on
              Linux).  See the -I option for details.

              The setting of the environment variable CDDA_DEVICE is  overrid-
              den by this option.

       -A auxdevice

       -auxdevice auxdevice
              uses auxdevice as CDROM drive for ioctl usage.

       -I interface

       -interface interface
              specifies  the  interface  for CDROM access: generic_scsi or (on
              Linux, and FreeBSD systems) cooked_ioctl.

              Using the cooked_ioctl is not recommended as this  makes  icedax
              mainly  depend  on the audio extraction quality of the operating
              system which is usually extremely bad.

       -c channels  --channels
              uses 1 for mono, or 2 for stereo  recording,  or  s  for  stereo
              recording with both channels swapped.

       -s  --stereo
              sets to stereo recording.

       -m  --mono
              sets to mono recording.

       -x  --max
              sets maximum (CD) quality.

       -b bits  --bits-per-sample
              sets bits per sample per channel: 8, 12 or 16.

       -r rate  --rate
              sets  rate  in  samples  per second.  Possible values are listed
              with the -R option.

       -a divider  --divider
              sets rate to 44100Hz / divider.  Possible values are listed with
              the -R option.

       -R  --dump-rates
              shows a list of all sample rates and their dividers.

       -P  sectors  --set-overlap
              sets  the  initial  number of overlap sectors for jitter correc-
              tion.

       -n sectors  --sectors-per-request
              reads sectors per request.

       -l buffers  --buffers-in-ring
              uses a ring buffer with buffers total.

       -t track+endtrack  --track
              selects the start track and optionally the end track.

       -i index  --index
              selects the start index.

       -o offset  --offset
              starts offset sectors behind start track (one sector equivalents
              1/75 seconds).

       -O  audiotype  --output-format
              can be wav (for wav files) or aiff (for apple/sgi aiff files) or
              aifc (for apple/sgi aifc files) or au or sun (for  sun  .au  PCM
              files)  or  cdr  or  raw (for headerless files to be used for cd
              writers).

       -C endianess  --cdrom-endianess
              sets endianess of  the  input  samples  to  'little',  'big'  or
              'guess' to override defaults.

       -E endianess  --output-endianess
              sets  endianess  of  the  output samples to 'little' or 'big' to
              override defaults.

       -d duration  --duration
              sets recording time in seconds or frames.  Frames (sectors)  are
              indicated by a 'f' suffix (like 75f for 75 sectors).  0 sets the
              time for whole track.

       -B  --bulk --alltracks
              copies each track into a separate file.

       -w  --wait
              waits for signal, then start recording.

       -F  --find-extremes
              finds extreme amplitudes in samples.

       -G  --find-mono
              finds if input samples are in mono.

       -T  --deemphasize
              undo the effect of pre-emphasis in the input samples.

       -e  --echo
              copies audio data to sound device e.g.  /dev/dsp.

       -p  percentage --set-pitch
              changes pitch of audio data copied to sound device.

       -v  itemlist  --verbose-level
              prints verbose information about the CD.  Level  is  a  list  of
              comma  separated suboptions. Each suboption controls the type of
              information to be reported.

              +----------+---------------------------------------------------+
              |Suboption |                    Description                    |
              +----------+---------------------------------------------------+
              |  disable | no information is given, warnings appear however  |
              +----------+---------------------------------------------------+
              |      all | all information is given                          |
              +----------+---------------------------------------------------+
              |      toc | show table of contents                            |
              +----------+---------------------------------------------------+
              |  summary | show a summary of the recording parameters        |
              +----------+---------------------------------------------------+
              |  indices | determine and display index offsets               |
              +----------+---------------------------------------------------+
              |  catalog | retrieve and display the media catalog number MCN |
              +----------+---------------------------------------------------+
              |  trackid | retrieve and display all International Standard   |
              |          | Recording Codes ISRC                              |
              +----------+---------------------------------------------------+
              |  sectors | show the table of contents in start sector nota-  |
              |          | tion                                              |
              +----------+---------------------------------------------------+
              |   titles | show the table of contents with track titles      |
              |          | (when available)                                  |
              +----------+---------------------------------------------------+
       -N  --no-write
              does  not  write  to  a  file, it just reads (for debugging pur-
              poses).

       -J  --info-only
              does not write to a file, it just gives  information  about  the
              disc.

       -L  cddb mode --cddb
              does a cddbp album- and track title lookup based on the cddb id.
              The parameter cddb mode defines how multiple  entries  shall  be
              handled.

              +----------+------------------------------------------+
              |Parameter |               Description                |
              +----------+------------------------------------------+
              |        0 | interactive mode. The user selects the   |
              |          | entry to use.                            |
              +----------+------------------------------------------+
              |        1 | first fit mode. The first entry is taken |
              |          | unconditionally.                         |
              +----------+------------------------------------------+
        cddbp-server=servername
              sets the server to be contacted for title lookups.

        cddbp-port=portnumber
              sets the port number to be used for title lookups.

       -H  --no-infofile
              does not write an info file and a cddb file.

       -g  --gui
              formats the output to be better parsable by gui frontends.

       -M  count --md5
              enables  calculation  of  MD-5 checksum for 'count' bytes from a
              beginning of a track.

       -S  speed --speed
              sets the cdrom device to one of the selectable speeds for  read-
              ing.

       -q  --quiet
              quiet operation, no screen output.

       -V  --verbose-SCSI
              enable  SCSI command logging to the console. This is mainly used
              for debugging.

       -Q  --silent-SCSI
              suppress SCSI command error reports  to  the  console.  This  is
              mainly used for guis.

       -scanbus
              Scan  all  SCSI devices on all SCSI busses and print the inquiry
              strings. This option may be used to find  SCSI  address  of  the
              CD/DVD-Recorder  on a system.  The numbers printed out as labels
              are computed by: bus * 100 + target

       --devices
              Like -scanbus but works in a more  native  way,  respecting  the
              device  name  specification on the current operating system. See
              wodim(1) for details.

       -paranoia
              use the paranoia library instead of icedax's routines for  read-
              ing.

       -h  --help
              display version of icedax on standard output.

       Defaults depend on the
              Makefile    and   environment   variable   settings   (currently
              CDDA_DEVICE ).

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
       CDDA_DEVICE is used to set the device name. The device naming  is  com-
       patible with the one used by the wodim tool.

       CDDBP_SERVER
              is used for cddbp title lookups when supplied.

       CDDBP_PORT
              is used for cddbp title lookups when supplied.

       RSH    If  the  RSH environment variable is present, the remote connec-
              tion will not be created via rcmd(3) but by calling the  program
              pointed  to  by  RSH.   Use  e.g.   RSH=/usr/bin/ssh to create a
              secure shell connection.

              Note that this forces icedax to create a pipe to the rsh(1) pro-
              gram  and disallows icedax to directly access the network socket
              to the remote server.  This makes it impossible to set  up  per-
              formance  parameters and slows down the connection compared to a
              root initiated rcmd(3) connection.

       RSCSI  If the RSCSI environment variable is present,  the  remote  SCSI
              server  will  not  be the program /opt/schily/sbin/rscsi but the
              program pointed to by RSCSI.  Note that the remote  SCSI  server
              program name will be ignored if you log in using an account that
              has been created with a remote  SCSI  server  program  as  login
              shell.

RETURN VALUES
       icedax  uses  the  following  exit codes to indicate various degrees of
       success:

       +---------+-----------------------------------------------------------+
       |Exitcode |                        Description                        |
       +---------+-----------------------------------------------------------+
       |       0 | no errors encountered, successful operation.              |
       +---------+-----------------------------------------------------------+
       |       1 | usage or syntax error. icedax got inconsistent arguments. |
       +---------+-----------------------------------------------------------+
       |       2 | permission (un)set errors. permission changes failed.     |
       +---------+-----------------------------------------------------------+
       |       3 | read errors on the cdrom/burner device encountered.       |
       +---------+-----------------------------------------------------------+
       |       4 | write errors while writing one of the output files        |
       |         | encountered.                                              |
       +---------+-----------------------------------------------------------+
       |       5 | errors with soundcard handling (initialization/write).    |
       +---------+-----------------------------------------------------------+
       |       6 | errors with stat() system call on the read device (cooked |
       |         | ioctl).                                                   |
       +---------+-----------------------------------------------------------+
       |       7 | pipe communication errors encountered (in forked mode).   |
       +---------+-----------------------------------------------------------+
       |       8 | signal handler installation errors encountered.           |
       +---------+-----------------------------------------------------------+
       |       9 | allocation of shared memory failed (in forked mode).      |
       +---------+-----------------------------------------------------------+
       |      10 | dynamic heap memory allocation failed.                    |
       +---------+-----------------------------------------------------------+
       |      11 | errors on the audio cd medium encountered.                |
       +---------+-----------------------------------------------------------+
       |      12 | device open error in ioctl handling detected.             |
       +---------+-----------------------------------------------------------+
       |      13 | race condition in ioctl interface handling detected.      |
       +---------+-----------------------------------------------------------+
       |      14 | error in ioctl() operation encountered.                   |
       +---------+-----------------------------------------------------------+
       |      15 | internal error encountered. Please report back!!!         |
       +---------+-----------------------------------------------------------+
       |      16 | error in semaphore operation encountered (install /       |
       |         | request).                                                 |
       +---------+-----------------------------------------------------------+
       |      17 | could not get the scsi transfer buffer.                   |
       +---------+-----------------------------------------------------------+
       |      18 | could not create pipes for process communication (in      |
       |         | forked mode).                                             |
       +---------+-----------------------------------------------------------+
DISCUSSION
       icedax is able to read parts of an audio CD or multimedia  CDROM  (con-
       taining  audio parts) directly digitally. These parts can be written to
       a file, a pipe, or to a sound device.

       icedax stands for CDDA to WAV (where CDDA stands for compact disc digi-
       tal  audio  and WAV is a sound sample format introduced by MS Windows).
       It allows copying CDDA audio data from the CDROM drive into a  file  in
       WAV or other formats.

       The  latest  versions try to get higher real-time scheduling priorities
       to ensure smooth (uninterrupted) operation. These priorities are avail-
       able  for  super users and are higher than those of 'normal' processes.
       Thus delays are minimized.

       If your CDROM is on device DEV and it is loaded with an audio  CD,  you
       may  simply  invoke  icedax  dev=DEV  and it will create the sound file
       audio.wav recording the whole track beginning with track 1 in stereo at
       16  bit  at  44100 Hz sample rate, if your file system has enough space
       free.  Otherwise recording time will be limited. For details see  files
       README and README.INSTALL

HINTS ON OPTIONS
       Options
              Most  of  the  options are used to control the format of the WAV
              file. In the following text all of them are described.

       Select Device
              -D device selects the CDROM drive device to be used.  The speci-
              fier  given  should  correspond  to  the selected interface (see
              below).  CHANGE!  For the cooked_ioctl  interface  this  is  the
              cdrom  device  descriptor as before.  The SCSI devices used with
              the generic SCSI interface however are now addressed with  their
              SCSI-Bus,  SCSI-Id,  and  SCSI-Lun  instead  of the generic SCSI
              device descriptor!!!  One example for a SCSI CDROM drive on  bus
              0 with SCSI ID 3 and lun 0 is -D0,3,0.

       Select Auxiliary device
              -A  auxdevice  is necessary for CD-Extra handling. For Non-SCSI-
              CDROM drives this is the same device as given by -D (see above).
              For  SCSI-CDROM drives it is the CDROM drive (SCSI) device (i.e.
              /dev/sr0 ) corresponding to the SCSI device (i.e.  0,3,0  ).  It
              has to match the device used for sampling.

       Select Interface
              -I  interface selects the CDROM drive interface. For SCSI drives
              use generic_scsi (cooked_ioctl may not yet be available for  all
              devices):  generic_scsi  and  cooked_ioctl.   The first uses the
              generic SCSI interface, the latter uses the ioctl of  the  CDROM
              driver.  The  latter  variant  works only when the kernel driver
              supports CDDA reading. This entry  has  to  match  the  selected
              CDROM device (see above).

       Enable echo to soundcard
              -e  copies  audio data to the sound card while recording, so you
              hear it nearly simultaneously. The soundcard gets the same  data
              that  is  recorded. This is time critical, so it works best with
              the -q option.  To use icedax as  a  pseudo  CD  player  without
              recording  in  a  file  you could use icedax -q -e -t2 -d0 -N to
              play the whole second track. This feature reduces the  recording
              speed  to  at most onefold speed. You cannot make better record-
              ings than your sound card can  play  (since  the  same  data  is
              used).

       Change pitch of echoed audio
              -p  percentage  changes the pitch of all audio echoed to a sound
              card. Only the copy to the soundcard is affected,  the  recorded
              audio samples in a file remain the same.  Normal pitch, which is
              the default, is given by 100%.  Lower percentages correspond  to
              lower  pitches,  i.e.   -p  50  transposes  the audio output one
              octave lower.  See also the script pitchplay as an example. This
              option was contributed by Raul Sobon.

       Select mono or stereo recording
              -m  or  -c  1  selects  mono recording (both stereo channels are
              mixed), -s or -c 2 or -c s selects stereo recording. Parameter s
              will swap both sound channels.

       Select maximum quality
              -x  will  set  stereo,  16  bits per sample at 44.1 KHz (full CD
              quality).  Note that other format options given later can change
              this setting.

       Select sample quality
              -b  8  specifies 8 bit (1 Byte) for each sample in each channel;
              -b 12 specifies 12 bit (2 Byte) for each sample in each channel;
              -b  16 specifies 16 bit (2 Byte) for each sample in each channel
              (Ensure that your sample player or  sound  card  is  capable  of
              playing  12-bit  or  16-bit  samples).  Selecting  12 or 16 bits
              doubles file size.  12-bit samples are aligned  to  16-bit  sam-
              ples, so they waste some disk space.

       Select sample rate
              -r  samplerate  selects  a  sample rate.  samplerate can be in a
              range between 44100 and  900.  Option  -R  lists  all  available
              rates.

       Select sample rate divider
              -a  divider selects a sample rate divider.  divider can be mini-
              mally 1 and maximally 50.5 and everything between  in  steps  of
              0.5.  Option -R lists all available rates.

              To  make the sound smoother at lower sampling rates, icedax sums
              over n samples (where n is the specific dividend). So for  22050
              Hertz  output  we  have  to sum over 2 samples, for 900 Hertz we
              have to sum over 49 samples.  This cancels  higher  frequencies.
              Standard  sector size of an audio CD (ignoring additional infor-
              mation) is 2352 Bytes. In order to finish summing for an  output
              sample  at  sector boundaries the rates above have to be chosen.
              Arbitrary sampling rates in  high  quality  would  require  some
              interpolation  scheme,  which needs much more sophisticated pro-
              gramming.

       List a table of all sampling rates
              -R shows a list of all sample rates and their dividers. Dividers
              can range from 1 to 50.5 in steps of 0.5.

       Select start track and optionally end track
              -t n+m selects n as the start track and optionally m as the last
              track of a range to be recorded.  These tracks must be from  the
              table  of contents.  This sets the track where recording begins.
              Recording can advance through the following tracks as well (lim-
              ited by the optional end track or otherwise depending on record-
              ing time). Whether one file or different files are then  created
              depends on the -B option (see below).

       Select start index
              -i  n  selects the index to start recording with.  Indices other
              than 1 will invoke the index scanner, which will take some  time
              to find the correct start position. An offset may be given addi-
              tionally (see below).

       Set recording time
              -d  n sets recording time to n seconds or set recording time for
              whole  track  if  n is zero. In order to specify the duration in
              frames (sectors) also, the argument can have  an  appended  'f'.
              Then  the  numerical argument is to be taken as frames (sectors)
              rather than seconds.  Please note that if track ranges are being
              used  they define the recording time as well thus overriding any
              -d option specified times.

              Recording time is defined as the time the generated sample  will
              play  (at  the  defined  sample rate). Since it's related to the
              amount of generated samples, it's not the time of  the  sampling
              process  itself  (which  can  be  less  or  more).  It's neither
              strictly coupled with the  time  information  on  the  audio  CD
              (shown  by  your  hifi CD player).  Differences can occur by the
              usage of the -o option (see below). Notice that  recording  time
              will  be  shortened,  unless enough disk space exists. Recording
              can be aborted at anytime by pressing the break character  (sig-
              nal SIGQUIT).
                 .IP  "Record  all  tracks  of a complete audio CD in separate
              files" -B copies each track into a separate file.  A  base  name
              can  be  given.  File names have an appended track number and an
              extension corresponding to the audio format. To record all audio
              tracks of a CD, use a sufficient high duration (i.e. -d99999).

       Set start sector offset
              -o  sectors increments start sector of the track by sectors.  By
              this option you are  able  to  skip  a  certain  amount  at  the
              beginning  of a track so you can pick exactly the part you want.
              Each sector runs for 1/75 seconds, so you have  very  fine  con-
              trol.  If  your offset is so high that it would not fit into the
              current track, a warning message is issued  and  the  offset  is
              ignored.   Recording time is not reduced.  (To skip introductory
              quiet passages automagically, use the -w option see below.)

       Wait for signal option
              -w Turning on this option will suppress  all  silent  output  at
              startup, reducing possibly file size.  icedax will watch for any
              signal in the output signal and switches on writing to file.

       Find extreme samples
              -F Turning on this option will display the most negative and the
              most positive sample value found during recording for both chan-
              nels. This can be useful for readjusting the volume. The  values
              shown are not reset at track boundaries, they cover the complete
              sampling process. They are taken from the original  samples  and
              have  the same format (i.e. they are independent of the selected
              output format).

       Find if input samples are in mono
              -G If this option is given, input samples for both channels will
              be  compared.  At  the end of the program the result is printed.
              Differences in the channels indicate stereo, otherwise when both
              channels are equal it will indicate mono.

       Undo the pre-emphasis in the input samples
              -T  Some  older audio CDs are recorded with a modified frequency
              response called pre-emphasis. This is found mostly in  classical
              recordings. The correction can be seen in the flags of the Table
              Of Contents often. But there are recordings, that show this set-
              ting only in the subchannels. If this option is given, the index
              scanner will be started, which reads the  q-subchannel  of  each
              track.  If  pre-emphasis  is  indicated in the q-subchannel of a
              track, but not in the TOC, pre-emphasis will be  assumed  to  be
              present,  and  subsequently a reverse filtering is done for this
              track before the samples are written into the audio file.

       Set audio format
              -O  audiotype can be wav (for wav files) or au or sun  (for  sun
              PCM files) or cdr or raw (for headerless files to be used for cd
              writers).  All file samples are coded in linear pulse code modu-
              lation  (as  done  in the audio compact disc format). This holds
              for all audio formats.  Wav  files  are  compatible  to  Wind*ws
              sound  files,  they have lsb,msb byte order as being used on the
              audio cd. The default filename extension is  '.wav'.   Sun  type
              files  are  not  like the older common logarithmically coded .au
              files, but instead as mentioned above linear PCM  is  used.  The
              byte  order  is  msb,lsb  to be compatible. The default filename
              extension is '.au'.  The AIFF and the newer  variant  AIFC  from
              the  Apple/SGI  world  store  their  samples in bigendian format
              (msb,lsb). In AIFC no compression is used.  Finally the  easiest
              'format',  the  cdr  aka  raw  format. It is done per default in
              msb,lsb byte order to satisfy the order wanted by most cd  writ-
              ers.  Since  there  is no header information in this format, the
              sample parameters can only be identified by playing the  samples
              on  a  soundcard  or  similar. The default filename extension is
              '.cdr' or '.raw'.

       Select cdrom drive reading speed
              -S  speed allows to switch the cdrom drive to a certain level of
              speed in order to reduce read errors. The argument is transfered
              verbatim to the drive.  Details depend very much  on  the  cdrom
              drives.  An argument of 0 for example is often the default speed
              of the drive, a value of 1 often selects single speed.

       Enable MD5 checksums
              -M  count enables calculation of MD-5 checksum for 'count' bytes
              from  the  beginning  of  a track. This was introduced for quick
              comparisons of tracks.

       Use Monty's libparanoia for reading of sectors
              -paranoia selects an alternate way of extracting audio  sectors.
              Monty's library is used with the following default options:

              PARANOIA_MODE_FULL, but without PARANOIA_MODE_NEVERSKIP

              for details see Monty's libparanoia documentation.  In this case
              the option -P has no effect.

       Do linear or overlapping reading of sectors
              (This applies unless option -paranoia  is  used.)   -P   sectors
              sets  the  given  number of sectors for initial overlap sampling
              for jitter correction. Two cases are to  be  distinguished.  For
              nonzero  values,  some sectors are read twice to enable icedax's
              jitter correction.  If an argument of zero is given, no  overlap
              sampling  will  be  used.   For  nonzero  overlap sectors icedax
              dynamically adjusts the setting during sampling (like cdparanoia
              does).   If  no match can be found, icedax retries the read with
              an increased overlap.  If the amount of jitter is lower than the
              current  overlapped samples, icedax reduces the overlap setting,
              resulting in a higher reading speed.  The argument given has  to
              be  lower  than  the  total  number  of sectors per request (see
              option -n below).  Icedax will check this setting and  issues  a
              error  message  otherwise.   The case of zero sectors is nice on
              low load situations or errorfree (perfect) cdrom drives and per-
              fect (not scratched) audio cds.

       Set the transfer size
              -n   sectors will set the transfer size to the specified sectors
              per request.

       Set number of ring buffer elements
              -l  buffers will allocate the specified number  of  ring  buffer
              elements.

       Set endianess of input samples
              -C   endianess  will  override the default settings of the input
              format.  Endianess can be set explicitly to "little" or "big" or
              to  the  automatic  endianess  detection  based  on  voting with
              "guess".

       Set endianess of output samples
              -E  endianess (endianess can be "little" or "big") will override
              the default settings of the output format.

       Verbose option
              -v  itemlist prints more information. A list allows selection of
              different information items.

              disable keeps quiet

              toc displays the table of contents

              summary displays a summary of recording parameters

              indices invokes the index scanner and displays  start  positions
              of indices

              catalog retrieves and displays a media catalog number

              trackid  retrieves and displays international standard recording
              codes

              sectors displays track start positions in absolute sector  nota-
              tion

              To  combine  several requests just list the suboptions separated
              with commas.

       The table of contents
              The display will show the  table  of  contents  with  number  of
              tracks and total time (displayed in mm:ss.hh format, mm=minutes,
              ss=seconds, hh=rounded 1/100 seconds).  The following list  dis-
              plays  track  number and track time for each entry.  The summary
              gives a line per track describing the type of the track.

                      track preemphasis copypermitted tracktype chans

              The track column holds the track number.  preemphasis  shows  if
              that  track  has  been  given  a  non linear frequency response.
              NOTE: You can undo this effect with the -T option.  copy-permit-
              ted  indicates  if this track is allowed to copy.  tracktype can
              be data or audio. On multimedia CDs (except  hidden  track  CDs)
              both  of  them should be present.  channels is defined for audio
              tracks only. There can be two or four channels.

       No file output
              -N this debugging option switches off writing to a file.

       No infofile generation
              -H this option switches off creation of an info file and a  cddb
              file.

       Generation of simple output for gui frontends
              -g  this  option  switches  on  simple line formatting, which is
              needed to support gui frontends (like xcd-roast).

       Verbose SCSI logging
              -V this option switches on logging of SCSI commands.  This  will
              produce  a  lot  of  output  (when SCSI devices are being used).
              This is needed for debugging purposes. The format is the same as
              being used with the cdrecord program from Joerg Schilling or the
              wodim tool. See there for details.

       Quiet option
              -q suppresses all screen output  except  error  messages.   That
              reduces cpu time resources.

       Just show information option
              -J  does  not write a file, it only prints information about the
              disc (depending on the -v option). This is just for  information
              purposes.

CDDBP support
       Lookup album and track titles option
              -L   cddbp  mode Icedax tries to retrieve performer, album-, and
              track titles from a cddbp server. The default server  right  now
              is 'freedb.freedb.org'.  It is planned to have more control over
              the server handling later.  The parameter defines  how  multiple
              entries are handled:

       0        interactive mode, the user chooses one of the entries.

       1        take the first entry without asking.

       Set server for title lookups
              cddbp-server   servername  When  using  -L or --cddb, the server
              being contacted can be set with this option.

       Set portnumber for title lookups
              cddbp-port  portnumber When using -L or --cddb, the server  port
              being contacted can be set with this option.

HINTS ON USAGE
       Don't  create  samples  you cannot read. First check your sample player
       software and sound card hardware. I experienced problems with very  low
       sample  rates  (stereo <= 1575 Hz, mono <= 3675 Hz) when trying to play
       them with standard WAV players for sound blaster (maybe  they  are  not
       legal  in  WAV  format).  Most  CD-Writers insist on audio samples in a
       bigendian format.  Now icedax supports the -E  endianess option to con-
       trol the endianess of the written samples.

       If your hardware is fast enough to run icedax uninterrupted and your CD
       drive is one of the 'perfect' ones, you will gain speed when  switching
       all overlap sampling off with the -P  0 option. Further fine tuning can
       be done with the -n  sectors option. You can specify how  much  sectors
       should be requested in one go.

       Icedax supports pipes now. Use a filename of - to let icedax output its
       samples to standard output.

       Conversion to other sound formats can be done  using  the  sox  program
       package (although the use of sox -x to change the byte order of samples
       should be no more necessary; see option -E to change the  output  byte-
       order).

       If  you  want to sample more than one track into different files in one
       run, this is currently possible with the -B option. When recording time
       exceeds the track limit a new file will be opened for the next track.

FILES
       Icedax can generate a lot of files for various purposes.

       Audio files:

       There  are audio files containing samples with default extensions These
       files are not generated when option (-N) is given. Multiple  files  may
       be  written  when  the  bulk  copy option (-B) is used. Individual file
       names can be given as arguments. If the number of file names  given  is
       sufficient  to  cover all included audio tracks, the file names will be
       used verbatim.  Otherwise, if there are  less  file  names  than  files
       needed  to  write the included tracks, the part of the file name before
       the extension is extended with '_dd' where dd  represents  the  current
       track number.

       Cddb and Cdindex files:

       If  icedax detects cd-extra or cd-text (album/track) title information,
       then .cddb and .cdindex files are generated unless  suppressed  by  the
       option  -H.  They  contain suitable formatted entries for submission to
       audio cd track  title  databases  in  the  internet.  The  CDINDEX  and
       CDDB(tm)  systems  are currently supported. For more information please
       visit www.musicbrainz.org and www.freedb.com.

       Inf files:

       The inf files are describing the sample files and  the  part  from  the
       audio  cd,  it was taken from. They are a means to transfer information
       to a cd burning program like wodim. For example, if the original  audio
       cd had pre-emphasis enabled, and icedax -T did remove the pre-emphasis,
       then the inf file has pre-emphasis not set (since the audio  file  does
       not  have it anymore), while the .cddb and the .cdindex have pre-empha-
       sis set as the original does.

WARNING
       IMPORTANT: it is prohibited to sell copies of copyrighted  material  by
       noncopyright  holders. This program may not be used to circumvent copy-
       rights.  The user acknowledges this constraint when using the software.

BUGS
       Generation of md5 checksums is currently broken.

       Performance may not be optimal on slower systems.

       The index scanner may give timeouts.

       The  resampling  (rate  conversion code) uses polynomial interpolation,
       which is not optimal.

       Icedax should use threads.

       Icedax currently cannot sample hidden audio tracks (track 1 index 0).

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       Thanks goto Project MODE (http://www.mode.net/) and Fraunhofer Institut
       fuer  integrierte  Schaltungen  (FhG-IIS)  (http://www.iis.fhg.de/) for
       financial support.  Plextor Europe and Ricoh Japan provided cdrom  disk
       drives  and  cd  burners  which  helped a lot to develop this software.
       Rammi has helped a lot with the debugging and showed a lot  of  stamina
       when  hearing  100 times the first 16 seconds of the first track of the
       Krupps CD.  Libparanoia contributed by Monty  (Christopher  Montgomery)
       xiphmont@mit.edu.

AUTHOR
       Heiko Eissfeldt heiko@colossus.escape.de

       This  manpage describes the program implementation of icedax as shipped
       by the cdrkit distribution. See  http://alioth.debian.org/projects/deb-
       burn/  for  details. It is a spinoff from the original program cdda2wav
       as distributed in the  cdrtools  package  [1].  However,  the  cdrtools
       developers  are  not  involved  in  the development of this spinoff and
       therefore shall not be made responsible for any problem caused  by  it.
       Do  not  try to get support for this program by contacting the original
       authors.

       If you have support questions, send them to

       debburn-devel@lists.alioth.debian.org

       If you have definitely found a bug, send a mail to this list or to

       submit@bugs.debian.org

       writing at least a short description into  the  Subject  and  "Package:
       cdrkit" into the first line of the mail body.

DATE
       26 Sep 2006

SOURCES
       [1] Cdrtools 2.01.01a08 from May 2006, http://cdrecord.berlios.de

                                                                     ICEDAX(1)
 

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