UNIX ON-LINE Man Pages - Die Onlinehilfe

Die Syntax von Unixbefehlen wird in den entsprechenden Manpages dokumentiert. Hier können Sie diese Onlinehilfe für viele Standardbefehle abrufen.

Suchoptionen:
Seiten auflisten, welche beginnen mit:
A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z   ALPHA   NUM   ANDERE   ALLE
XML::LibXML::Document(User Contributed Perl DocumentatXML::LibXML::Document(3)

NAME
       XML::LibXML::Document - XML::LibXML DOM Document Class

SYNOPSIS
         use XML::LibXML;
         # Only methods specific to Document nodes are listed here,
         # see XML::LibXML::Node manpage for other methods

         $dom = XML::LibXML::Document->new( $version, $encoding );
         $dom = XML::LibXML::Document->createDocument( $version, $encoding );
         $strURI = $doc->URI();
         $doc->setURI($strURI);
         $strEncoding = $doc->encoding();
         $strEncoding = $doc->actualEncoding();
         $doc->setEncoding($new_encoding);
         $strVersion = $doc->version();
         $doc->standalone
         $doc->setStandalone($numvalue);
         my $compression = $doc->compression;
         $doc->setCompression($ziplevel);
         $docstring = $dom->toString($format);
         $c14nstr = $doc->toStringC14N($comment_flag, $xpath [, $xpath_context ]);
         $ec14nstr = $doc->toStringEC14N($comment_flag, $xpath [, $xpath_context ], $inclusive_prefix_list);
         $str = $doc->serialize($format);
         $state = $doc->toFile($filename, $format);
         $state = $doc->toFH($fh, $format);
         $str = $document->toStringHTML();
         $str = $document->serialize_html();
         $bool = $dom->is_valid();
         $dom->validate();
         $root = $dom->documentElement();
         $dom->setDocumentElement( $root );
         $element = $dom->createElement( $nodename );
         $element = $dom->createElementNS( $namespaceURI, $qname );
         $text = $dom->createTextNode( $content_text );
         $comment = $dom->createComment( $comment_text );
         $attrnode = $doc->createAttribute($name [,$value]);
         $attrnode = $doc->createAttributeNS( namespaceURI, $name [,$value] );
         $fragment = $doc->createDocumentFragment();
         $cdata = $dom->create( $cdata_content );
         my $pi = $doc->createProcessingInstruction( $target, $data );
         my $entref = $doc->createEntityReference($refname);
         $dtd = $document->createInternalSubset( $rootnode, $public, $system);
         $dtd = $document->createExternalSubset( $rootnode_name, $publicId, $systemId);
         $document->importNode( $node );
         $document->adoptNode( $node );
         my $dtd = $doc->externalSubset;
         my $dtd = $doc->internalSubset;
         $doc->setExternalSubset($dtd);
         $doc->setInternalSubset($dtd);
         my $dtd = $doc->removeExternalSubset();
         my $dtd = $doc->removeInternalSubset();
         my @nodelist = $doc->getElementsByTagName($tagname);
         my @nodelist = $doc->getElementsByTagNameNS($nsURI,$tagname);
         my @nodelist = $doc->getElementsByLocalName($localname);
         my $node = $doc->getElementById($id);
         $dom->indexElements();

DESCRIPTION
       The Document Class is in most cases the result of a parsing process.
       But sometimes it is necessary to create a Document from scratch. The
       DOM Document Class provides functions that conform to the DOM Core
       naming style.

       It inherits all functions from XML::LibXML::Node as specified in the
       DOM specification. This enables access to the nodes besides the root
       element on document level - a "DTD" for example. The support for these
       nodes is limited at the moment.

       While generally nodes are bound to a document in the DOM concept it is
       suggested that one should always create a node not bound to any
       document. There is no need of really including the node to the
       document, but once the node is bound to a document, it is quite safe
       that all strings have the correct encoding. If an unbound text node
       with an ISO encoded string is created (e.g.  with $CLASS->new()), the
       "toString" function may not return the expected result.

       To prevent such problems, it is recommended to pass all data to
       XML::LibXML methods as character strings (i.e. UTF-8 encoded, with the
       UTF8 flag on).

METHODS
       Many functions listed here are extensively documented in the DOM Level
       3 specification (http://www.w3.org/TR/DOM-Level-3-Core/
       <http://www.w3.org/TR/DOM-Level-3-Core/>). Please refer to the
       specification for extensive documentation.

       new
             $dom = XML::LibXML::Document->new( $version, $encoding );

           alias for createDocument()

       createDocument
             $dom = XML::LibXML::Document->createDocument( $version, $encoding );

           The constructor for the document class. As Parameter it takes the
           version string and (optionally) the encoding string. Simply calling
           createDocument() will create the document:

             <?xml version="your version" encoding="your encoding"?>

           Both parameter are optional. The default value for $version is 1.0,
           of course. If the $encoding parameter is not set, the encoding will
           be left unset, which means UTF-8 is implied.

           The call of createDocument() without any parameter will result the
           following code:

             <?xml version="1.0"?>

           Alternatively one can call this constructor directly from the
           XML::LibXML class level, to avoid some typing. This will not have
           any effect on the class instance, which is always
           XML::LibXML::Document.

             my $document = XML::LibXML->createDocument( "1.0", "UTF-8" );

           is therefore a shortcut for

             my $document = XML::LibXML::Document->createDocument( "1.0", "UTF-8" );

       URI
             $strURI = $doc->URI();

           Returns the URI (or filename) of the original document. For
           documents obtained by parsing a string of a FH without using the
           URI parsing argument of the corresponding "parse_*" function, the
           result is a generated string unknown-XYZ where XYZ is some number;
           for documents created with the constructor "new", the URI is
           undefined.

           The value can be modified by calling "setURI" method on the
           document node.

       setURI
             $doc->setURI($strURI);

           Sets the URI of the document reported by the method URI (see also
           the URI argument to the various "parse_*" functions).

       encoding
             $strEncoding = $doc->encoding();

           returns the encoding string of the document.

             my $doc = XML::LibXML->createDocument( "1.0", "ISO-8859-15" );
             print $doc->encoding; # prints ISO-8859-15

       actualEncoding
             $strEncoding = $doc->actualEncoding();

           returns the encoding in which the XML will be returned by
           $doc->toString().  This is usually the original encoding of the
           document as declared in the XML declaration and returned by
           $doc->encoding. If the original encoding is not known (e.g. if
           created in memory or parsed from a XML without a declared
           encoding), 'UTF-8' is returned.

             my $doc = XML::LibXML->createDocument( "1.0", "ISO-8859-15" );
             print $doc->encoding; # prints ISO-8859-15

       setEncoding
             $doc->setEncoding($new_encoding);

           This method allows to change the declaration of encoding in the XML
           declaration of the document. The value also affects the encoding in
           which the document is serialized to XML by $doc->toString(). Use
           setEncoding() to remove the encoding declaration.

       version
             $strVersion = $doc->version();

           returns the version string of the document

           getVersion() is an alternative form of this function.

       standalone
             $doc->standalone

           This function returns the Numerical value of a documents XML
           declarations standalone attribute. It returns 1 if standalone="yes"
           was found, 0 if standalone="no" was found and -1 if standalone was
           not specified (default on creation).

       setStandalone
             $doc->setStandalone($numvalue);

           Through this method it is possible to alter the value of a
           documents standalone attribute. Set it to 1 to set
           standalone="yes", to 0 to set standalone="no" or set it to -1 to
           remove the standalone attribute from the XML declaration.

       compression
             my $compression = $doc->compression;

           libxml2 allows reading of documents directly from gzipped files. In
           this case the compression variable is set to the compression level
           of that file (0-8). If XML::LibXML parsed a different source or the
           file wasn't compressed, the returned value will be -1.

       setCompression
             $doc->setCompression($ziplevel);

           If one intends to write the document directly to a file, it is
           possible to set the compression level for a given document. This
           level can be in the range from 0 to 8. If XML::LibXML should not
           try to compress use -1 (default).

           Note that this feature will only work if libxml2 is compiled with
           zlib support and toFile() is used for output.

       toString
             $docstring = $dom->toString($format);

           toString is a DOM serializing function, so the DOM Tree is
           serialized into a XML string, ready for output.

           IMPORTANT: unlike toString for other nodes, on document nodes this
           function returns the XML as a byte string in the original encoding
           of the document (see the actualEncoding() method)! This means you
           can simply do:

             open OUT, $file;
             print OUT $doc->toString;

           regardless of the actual encoding of the document. See the section
           on encodings in XML::LibXML for more details.

           The optional $format parameter sets the indenting of the output.
           This parameter is expected to be an "integer" value, that specifies
           that indentation should be used. The format parameter can have
           three different values if it is used:

           If $format is 0, than the document is dumped as it was originally
           parsed

           If $format is 1, libxml2 will add ignorable white spaces, so the
           nodes content is easier to read. Existing text nodes will not be
           altered

           If $format is 2 (or higher), libxml2 will act as $format == 1 but
           it add a leading and a trailing line break to each text node.

           libxml2 uses a hard-coded indentation of 2 space characters per
           indentation level. This value can not be altered on run-time.

       toStringC14N
             $c14nstr = $doc->toStringC14N($comment_flag, $xpath [, $xpath_context ]);

           See the documentation in XML::LibXML::Node.

       toStringEC14N
             $ec14nstr = $doc->toStringEC14N($comment_flag, $xpath [, $xpath_context ], $inclusive_prefix_list);

           See the documentation in XML::LibXML::Node.

       serialize
             $str = $doc->serialize($format);

           An alias for toString(). This function was name added to be more
           consistent with libxml2.

       serialize_c14n
           An alias for toStringC14N().

       serialize_exc_c14n
           An alias for toStringEC14N().

       toFile
             $state = $doc->toFile($filename, $format);

           This function is similar to toString(), but it writes the document
           directly into a filesystem. This function is very useful, if one
           needs to store large documents.

           The format parameter has the same behaviour as in toString().

       toFH
             $state = $doc->toFH($fh, $format);

           This function is similar to toString(), but it writes the document
           directly to a filehandle or a stream. A byte stream in the document
           encoding is passed to the file handle. Do NOT apply any
           ":encoding(...)" or ":utf8" PerlIO layer to the filehandle! See the
           section on encodings in XML::LibXML for more details.

           The format parameter has the same behaviour as in toString().

       toStringHTML
             $str = $document->toStringHTML();

           toStringHTML serialize the tree to a byte string in the document
           encoding as HTML. With this method indenting is automatic and
           managed by libxml2 internally.

       serialize_html
             $str = $document->serialize_html();

           An alias for toStringHTML().

       is_valid
             $bool = $dom->is_valid();

           Returns either TRUE or FALSE depending on whether the DOM Tree is a
           valid Document or not.

           You may also pass in a XML::LibXML::Dtd object, to validate against
           an external DTD:

             if (!$dom->is_valid($dtd)) {
                  warn("document is not valid!");
              }

       validate
             $dom->validate();

           This is an exception throwing equivalent of is_valid. If the
           document is not valid it will throw an exception containing the
           error. This allows you much better error reporting than simply
           is_valid or not.

           Again, you may pass in a DTD object

       documentElement
             $root = $dom->documentElement();

           Returns the root element of the Document. A document can have just
           one root element to contain the documents data.

           Optionally one can use getDocumentElement.

       setDocumentElement
             $dom->setDocumentElement( $root );

           This function enables you to set the root element for a document.
           The function supports the import of a node from a different
           document tree, but does not support a document fragment as $root.

       createElement
             $element = $dom->createElement( $nodename );

           This function creates a new Element Node bound to the DOM with the
           name $nodename.

       createElementNS
             $element = $dom->createElementNS( $namespaceURI, $qname );

           This function creates a new Element Node bound to the DOM with the
           name $nodename and placed in the given namespace.

       createTextNode
             $text = $dom->createTextNode( $content_text );

           As an equivalent of createElement, but it creates a Text Node bound
           to the DOM.

       createComment
             $comment = $dom->createComment( $comment_text );

           As an equivalent of createElement, but it creates a Comment Node
           bound to the DOM.

       createAttribute
             $attrnode = $doc->createAttribute($name [,$value]);

           Creates a new Attribute node.

       createAttributeNS
             $attrnode = $doc->createAttributeNS( namespaceURI, $name [,$value] );

           Creates an Attribute bound to a namespace.

       createDocumentFragment
             $fragment = $doc->createDocumentFragment();

           This function creates a DocumentFragment.

       createCDATASection
             $cdata = $dom->create( $cdata_content );

           Similar to createTextNode and createComment, this function creates
           a CDataSection bound to the current DOM.

       createProcessingInstruction
             my $pi = $doc->createProcessingInstruction( $target, $data );

           create a processing instruction node.

           Since this method is quite long one may use its short form
           createPI().

       createEntityReference
             my $entref = $doc->createEntityReference($refname);

           If a document has a DTD specified, one can create entity references
           by using this function. If one wants to add a entity reference to
           the document, this reference has to be created by this function.

           An entity reference is unique to a document and cannot be passed to
           other documents as other nodes can be passed.

           NOTE: A text content containing something that looks like an entity
           reference, will not be expanded to a real entity reference unless
           it is a predefined entity

             my $string = "&foo;";
              $some_element->appendText( $string );
              print $some_element->textContent; # prints "&amp;foo;"

       createInternalSubset
             $dtd = $document->createInternalSubset( $rootnode, $public, $system);

           This function creates and adds an internal subset to the given
           document.  Because the function automatically adds the DTD to the
           document there is no need to add the created node explicitly to the
           document.

             my $document = XML::LibXML::Document->new();
              my $dtd      = $document->createInternalSubset( "foo", undef, "foo.dtd" );

           will result in the following XML document:

             <?xml version="1.0"?>
              <!DOCTYPE foo SYSTEM "foo.dtd">

           By setting the public parameter it is possible to set PUBLIC DTDs
           to a given document. So

             my $document = XML::LibXML::Document->new();
             my $dtd      = $document->createInternalSubset( "foo", "-//FOO//DTD FOO 0.1//EN", undef );

           will cause the following declaration to be created on the document:

             <?xml version="1.0"?>
             <!DOCTYPE foo PUBLIC "-//FOO//DTD FOO 0.1//EN">

       createExternalSubset
             $dtd = $document->createExternalSubset( $rootnode_name, $publicId, $systemId);

           This function is similar to "createInternalSubset()" but this DTD
           is considered to be external and is therefore not added to the
           document itself. Nevertheless it can be used for validation
           purposes.

       importNode
             $document->importNode( $node );

           If a node is not part of a document, it can be imported to another
           document. As specified in DOM Level 2 Specification the Node will
           not be altered or removed from its original document
           ("$node->cloneNode(1)" will get called implicitly).

           NOTE: Don't try to use importNode() to import sub-trees that
           contain an entity reference - even if the entity reference is the
           root node of the sub-tree. This will cause serious problems to your
           program. This is a limitation of libxml2 and not of XML::LibXML
           itself.

       adoptNode
             $document->adoptNode( $node );

           If a node is not part of a document, it can be imported to another
           document. As specified in DOM Level 3 Specification the Node will
           not be altered but it will removed from its original document.

           After a document adopted a node, the node, its attributes and all
           its descendants belong to the new document. Because the node does
           not belong to the old document, it will be unlinked from its old
           location first.

           NOTE: Don't try to adoptNode() to import sub-trees that contain
           entity references - even if the entity reference is the root node
           of the sub-tree. This will cause serious problems to your program.
           This is a limitation of libxml2 and not of XML::LibXML itself.

       externalSubset
             my $dtd = $doc->externalSubset;

           If a document has an external subset defined it will be returned by
           this function.

           NOTE Dtd nodes are no ordinary nodes in libxml2. The support for
           these nodes in XML::LibXML is still limited. In particular one may
           not want use common node function on doctype declaration nodes!

       internalSubset
             my $dtd = $doc->internalSubset;

           If a document has an internal subset defined it will be returned by
           this function.

           NOTE Dtd nodes are no ordinary nodes in libxml2. The support for
           these nodes in XML::LibXML is still limited. In particular one may
           not want use common node function on doctype declaration nodes!

       setExternalSubset
             $doc->setExternalSubset($dtd);

           EXPERIMENTAL!

           This method sets a DTD node as an external subset of the given
           document.

       setInternalSubset
             $doc->setInternalSubset($dtd);

           EXPERIMENTAL!

           This method sets a DTD node as an internal subset of the given
           document.

       removeExternalSubset
             my $dtd = $doc->removeExternalSubset();

           EXPERIMENTAL!

           If a document has an external subset defined it can be removed from
           the document by using this function. The removed dtd node will be
           returned.

       removeInternalSubset
             my $dtd = $doc->removeInternalSubset();

           EXPERIMENTAL!

           If a document has an internal subset defined it can be removed from
           the document by using this function. The removed dtd node will be
           returned.

       getElementsByTagName
             my @nodelist = $doc->getElementsByTagName($tagname);

           Implements the DOM Level 2 function

           In SCALAR context this function returns a XML::LibXML::NodeList
           object.

       getElementsByTagNameNS
             my @nodelist = $doc->getElementsByTagNameNS($nsURI,$tagname);

           Implements the DOM Level 2 function

           In SCALAR context this function returns a XML::LibXML::NodeList
           object.

       getElementsByLocalName
             my @nodelist = $doc->getElementsByLocalName($localname);

           This allows the fetching of all nodes from a given document with
           the given Localname.

           In SCALAR context this function returns a XML::LibXML::NodeList
           object.

       getElementById
             my $node = $doc->getElementById($id);

           Returns the element that has an ID attribute with the given value.
           If no such element exists, this returns undef.

           Note: the ID of an element may change while manipulating the
           document. For documents with a DTD, the information about ID
           attributes is only available if DTD loading/validation has been
           requested. For HTML documents parsed with the HTML parser ID
           detection is done automatically. In XML documents, all "xml:id"
           attributes are considered to be of type ID. You can test ID-ness of
           an attribute node with $attr->isId().

           In versions 1.59 and earlier this method was called
           getElementsById() (plural) by mistake. Starting from 1.60 this name
           is maintained as an alias only for backward compatibility.

       indexElements
             $dom->indexElements();

           This function causes libxml2 to stamp all elements in a document
           with their document position index which considerably speeds up
           XPath queries for large documents. It should only be used with
           static documents that won't be further changed by any DOM methods,
           because once a document is indexed, XPath will always prefer the
           index to other methods of determining the document order of nodes.
           XPath could therefore return improperly ordered node-lists when
           applied on a document that has been changed after being indexed. It
           is of course possible to use this method to re-index a modified
           document before using it with XPath again. This function is not a
           part of the DOM specification.

           This function returns number of elements indexed, -1 if error
           occurred, or -2 if this feature is not available in the running
           libxml2.

AUTHORS
       Matt Sergeant, Christian Glahn, Petr Pajas

VERSION
       1.70

COPYRIGHT
       2001-2007, AxKit.com Ltd.

       2002-2006, Christian Glahn.

       2006-2009, Petr Pajas.

perl v5.12.1                      2009-10-07          XML::LibXML::Document(3)
 

Scannen Sie den Barcode um die Webseite zu öffnen


Quelle: http://www.trinler.net/de/service/doc/linux/man.html?command=XML%3A%3ALibXML%3A%3ADocument
Gedruckt am: 13.12.2017 10:09 GMT+0100 (2017-12-13T10:09:21+01:00)