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Term::UI(3pm)          Perl Programmers Reference Guide          Term::UI(3pm)

NAME
       Term::UI - Term::ReadLine UI made easy

SYNOPSIS
           use Term::UI;
           use Term::ReadLine;

           my $term = Term::ReadLine->new('brand');

           my $reply = $term->get_reply(
                           prompt => 'What is your favourite colour?',
                           choices => [qw|blue red green|],
                           default => blue,
           );

           my $bool = $term->ask_yn(
                               prompt => 'Do you like cookies?',
                               default => 'y',
                       );

           my $string = q[some_command -option --no-foo --quux='this thing'];

           my ($options,$munged_input) = $term->parse_options($string);

           ### don't have Term::UI issue warnings -- default is '1'
           $Term::UI::VERBOSE = 0;

           ### always pick the default (good for non-interactive terms)
           ### -- default is '0'
           $Term::UI::AUTOREPLY = 1;

           ### Retrieve the entire session as a printable string:
           $hist = Term::UI::History->history_as_string;
           $hist = $term->history_as_string;

DESCRIPTION
       "Term::UI" is a transparent way of eliminating the overhead of having
       to format a question and then validate the reply, informing the user if
       the answer was not proper and re-issuing the question.

       Simply give it the question you want to ask, optionally with choices
       the user can pick from and a default and "Term::UI" will DWYM.

       For asking a yes or no question, there's even a shortcut.

HOW IT WORKS
       "Term::UI" places itself at the back of the "Term::ReadLine" @ISA
       array, so you can call its functions through your term object.

       "Term::UI" uses "Term::UI::History" to record all interactions with the
       commandline. You can retrieve this history, or alter the filehandle the
       interaction is printed to. See the "Term::UI::History" manpage or the
       "SYNOPSIS" for details.

METHODS
   $reply = $term->get_reply( prompt => 'question?', [choices => \@list,
       default => $list[0], multi => BOOL, print_me => "extra text to print &
       record", allow => $ref] );
       "get_reply" asks a user a question, and then returns the reply to the
       caller. If the answer is invalid (more on that below), the question
       will be reposed, until a satisfactory answer has been entered.

       You have the option of providing a list of choices the user can pick
       from using the "choices" argument. If the answer is not in the list of
       choices presented, the question will be reposed.

       If you provide a "default"  answer, this will be returned when either
       $AUTOREPLY is set to true, (see the "GLOBAL VARIABLES" section further
       below), or when the user just hits "enter".

       You can indicate that the user is allowed to enter multiple answers by
       toggling the "multi" flag. Note that a list of answers will then be
       returned to you, rather than a simple string.

       By specifying an "allow" hander, you can yourself validate the answer a
       user gives. This can be any of the types that the Params::Check "allow"
       function allows, so please refer to that manpage for details.

       Finally, you have the option of adding a "print_me" argument, which is
       simply printed before the prompt. It's printed to the same file handle
       as the rest of the questions, so you can use this to keep track of a
       full session of Q&A with the user, and retrieve it later using the
       "Term::UI->history_as_string" function.

       See the "EXAMPLES" section for samples of how to use this function.

   $bool = $term->ask_yn( prompt => "your question", [default => (y|1,n|0),
       print_me => "extra text to print & record"] )
       Asks a simple "yes" or "no" question to the user, returning a boolean
       indicating "true" or "false" to the caller.

       The "default" answer will automatically returned, if the user hits
       "enter" or if $AUTOREPLY is set to true. See the "GLOBAL VARIABLES"
       section further below.

       Also, you have the option of adding a "print_me" argument, which is
       simply printed before the prompt. It's printed to the same file handle
       as the rest of the questions, so you can use this to keep track of a
       full session of Q&A with the user, and retrieve it later using the
       "Term::UI->history_as_string" function.

       See the "EXAMPLES" section for samples of how to use this function.

   ($opts, $munged) = $term->parse_options( STRING );
       "parse_options" will convert all options given from an input string to
       a hash reference. If called in list context it will also return the
       part of the input string that it found no options in.

       Consider this example:

           my $str =   q[command --no-foo --baz --bar=0 --quux=bleh ] .
                       q[--option="some'thing" -one-dash -single=blah' arg];

           my ($options,$munged) =  $term->parse_options($str);

           ### $options would contain: ###
           $options = {
                       'foo'       => 0,
                       'bar'       => 0,
                       'one-dash'  => 1,
                       'baz'       => 1,
                       'quux'      => 'bleh',
                       'single'    => 'blah\'',
                       'option'    => 'some\'thing'
           };

           ### and this is the munged version of the input string,
           ### ie what's left of the input minus the options
           $munged = 'command arg';

       As you can see, you can either use a single or a double "-" to indicate
       an option.  If you prefix an option with "no-" and do not give it a
       value, it will be set to 0.  If it has no prefix and no value, it will
       be set to 1.  Otherwise, it will be set to its value. Note also that it
       can deal fine with single/double quoting issues.

   $str = $term->history_as_string
       Convenience wrapper around "Term::UI::History->history_as_string".

       Consult the "Term::UI::History" man page for details.

GLOBAL VARIABLES
       The behaviour of Term::UI can be altered by changing the following
       global variables:

   $Term::UI::VERBOSE
       This controls whether Term::UI will issue warnings and explanations as
       to why certain things may have failed. If you set it to 0, Term::UI
       will not output any warnings.  The default is 1;

   $Term::UI::AUTOREPLY
       This will make every question be answered by the default, and warn if
       there was no default provided. This is particularly useful if your
       program is run in non-interactive mode.  The default is 0;

   $Term::UI::INVALID
       This holds the string that will be printed when the user makes an
       invalid choice.  You can override this string from your program if you,
       for example, wish to do localization.  The default is "Invalid
       selection, please try again: "

   $Term::UI::History::HISTORY_FH
       This is the filehandle all the print statements from this module are
       being sent to. Please consult the "Term::UI::History" manpage for
       details.

       This defaults to *STDOUT.

EXAMPLES
   Basic get_reply sample
           ### ask a user (with an open question) for their favourite colour
           $reply = $term->get_reply( prompt => 'Your favourite colour? );

       which would look like:

           Your favourite colour?

       and $reply would hold the text the user typed.

   get_reply with choices
           ### now provide a list of choices, so the user has to pick one
           $reply = $term->get_reply(
                       prompt  => 'Your favourite colour?',
                       choices => [qw|red green blue|] );

       which would look like:

             1> red
             2> green
             3> blue

           Your favourite colour?

       $reply will hold one of the choices presented. "Term::UI" will repose
       the question if the user attempts to enter an answer that's not in the
       list of choices. The string presented is held in the $Term::UI::INVALID
       variable (see the "GLOBAL VARIABLES" section for details.

   get_reply with choices and default
           ### provide a sensible default option -- everyone loves blue!
           $reply = $term->get_reply(
                       prompt  => 'Your favourite colour?',
                       choices => [qw|red green blue|],
                       default => 'blue' );

       which would look like:

             1> red
             2> green
             3> blue

           Your favourite colour? [3]:

       Note the default answer after the prompt. A user can now just hit
       "enter" (or set $Term::UI::AUTOREPLY -- see the "GLOBAL VARIABLES"
       section) and the sensible answer 'blue' will be returned.

   get_reply using print_me & multi
           ### allow the user to pick more than one colour and add an
           ### introduction text
           @reply = $term->get_reply(
                       print_me    => 'Tell us what colours you like',
                       prompt      => 'Your favourite colours?',
                       choices     => [qw|red green blue|],
                       multi       => 1 );

       which would look like:

           Tell us what colours you like
             1> red
             2> green
             3> blue

           Your favourite colours?

       An answer of "3 2 1" would fill @reply with "blue green red"

   get_reply & allow
           ### pose an open question, but do a custom verification on
           ### the answer, which will only exit the question loop, if
           ### the answer matches the allow handler.
           $reply = $term->get_reply(
                       prompt  => "What is the magic number?",
                       allow   => 42 );

       Unless the user now enters 42, the question will be reposed over and
       over again. You can use more sophisticated "allow" handlers (even
       subroutines can be used). The "allow" handler is implemented using
       "Params::Check"'s "allow" function. Check its manpage for details.

   an elaborate ask_yn sample
           ### ask a user if he likes cookies. Default to a sensible 'yes'
           ### and inform him first what cookies are.
           $bool = $term->ask_yn( prompt   => 'Do you like cookies?',
                                  default  => 'y',
                                  print_me => 'Cookies are LOVELY!!!' );

       would print:

           Cookies are LOVELY!!!
           Do you like cookies? [Y/n]:

       If a user then simply hits "enter", agreeing with the default, $bool
       would be set to "true". (Simply hitting 'y' would also return "true".
       Hitting 'n' would return "false")

       We could later retrieve this interaction by printing out the Q&A
       history as follows:

           print $term->history_as_string;

       which would then print:

           Cookies are LOVELY!!!
           Do you like cookies? [Y/n]:  y

       There's a chance we're doing this non-interactively, because a console
       is missing, the user indicated he just wanted the defaults, etc.

       In this case, simply setting $Term::UI::AUTOREPLY to true, will return
       from every question with the default answer set for the question.  Do
       note that if "AUTOREPLY" is true, and no default is set, "Term::UI"
       will warn about this and return "undef".

See Also
       "Params::Check", "Term::ReadLine", "Term::UI::History"

BUG REPORTS
       Please report bugs or other issues to <bug-term-ui@rt.cpan.org<gt>.

AUTHOR
       This module by Jos Boumans <kane@cpan.org>.

COPYRIGHT
       This library is free software; you may redistribute and/or modify it
       under the same terms as Perl itself.

perl v5.12.1                      2010-04-26                     Term::UI(3pm)
 

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Gedruckt am: 20.09.2017 16:50 GMT+0200 (2017-09-20T16:50:41+02:00)